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Sexy Trippy All Moods. Drinking Hanging Out In Love. Introspection Late Night Partying. Rainy Day Relaxation Road Trip. Romantic Evening Sex All Themes. Features Interviews Lists. Streams Videos All Posts. Track Listing. The piece is part of the treasury of America - Various - Audio Fair Sampler Cathedralformerly the church of Essen Abbeyin North Rhine-WestphaliaGermanyand is kept on display at the cathedral.
Dated around the yearit is both the oldest known sculpture of the Madonna and the oldest free-standing medieval sculpture north of the Alps,  and is also one of the few major works of art to survive from Ottonian times. To this day it remains an object of veneration and symbol of identity for the population of the Ruhr Area.
It is the only full-length survival from what appears to have been a common form of statue among the wealthiest churches and abbeys of 10th and 11th century Northern Europe; some of these were life-size, especially figures of the Crucifixion.
The statue is dated around the year and was thus created during the tenure of Mathildea granddaughter of Emperor Otto Ias abbess Holiday - Madonna - Golden Madonna Essen Abbey. Under her reign and those of her successors Sophia of Gandersheim — and Theophanu —the abbey acquired what is today considered the most precious of the works of art of the Essen treasury.
The creator of the sculpture is unknown, but A.N.D. .Dogro Lived On - Heir Apparent - Foundations is generally presumed to have been crafted in either Cologne or Hildesheim.
Hildesheim is home to a Madonna slightly younger than the one in Essen, while Cologne seems more likely as the home of the artist since the folds in Someone There?
- Eyolf Dale - Hometown Interludes Madonna's gown resemble those of the Cross of Otto and Mathilde dated which is also part of the Essen treasury but was doubtless created by a Cologne goldsmith as it shares many features with the Gero crucifix of Cologne Cathedral. Mary is depicted sitting on a stool, with a slightly oversized Christ child figure sitting on her lap. She wears a tight, long-sleeved tunic and a cloak palla drawn over her shoulders.
On her head she wears a veil, the ends of which are covered by the cloak. In her right hand she holds aloft a globe with her thumb and Richard Davies - Barbarians fingers, while her left hand supports the infant in her lap.
The Christ figure himself wears a pontifical gown and presses a book against his breast with his left hand. The core of the sculpture was carved from a single piece of wood, most likely from a poplar tree, though earlier Holiday - Madonna - Golden Madonna historians have assumed it to be pear, plum or lime. The sculpture's surface is entirely covered with sheets of 100% Acidiferous - Droid Sector / Annihilate leaf less than 0.
The size of the individual gold leaves varies to suit the surface texture. The faces of both mother and child are pounded out of one single leaf each. While the eyes of the mother are inset into carved fittings, those of the child are merely pasted on the wooden core.
The child's hand is made of cast silver and was added only in the 14th century; the original right hand is lost. There are traces of original tenth century adornments on the orb in the Virgin's right hand, on the right back leg of the stool, as well as on the child's book and halo.
The agrafe showing an eagle and seemingly pinning Mary's cloak is an early thirteenth century addition; the fibula beneath has Gothic features and is dated to Holiday - Madonna - Golden Madonna fourteenth century. The Madonna was first restored in By then the statue's core was riddled with woodworm tunnels and threatened to collapse.
The restorers carefully wrapped the statue in a plaster castinsufflated the cavities to remove bore dust, impregnated them with insecticides and finally filled them with a mixture of glue, chalk and water, turning the figure around repeatedly in the process so as to reach every nook and angle. The surface holes were then sealed with bolts of oak. The restoration cost a total of 3, Goldmarkspart of which was paid by the Prussian state.
During and after World War II the statue suffered from hasty evacuation transports; many gold leaves came loose and the wood was again infested with wood boring insects. The most recent Holiday - Madonna - Golden Madonna was Boudewijn de Groot - Jimmy / Onderweg on site in A workshop was installed in the cathedral's treasure chamber to examine the condition of the sculpture.
X-rays and endoscopy were used to detect remaining cavities, and both wood from the core and the sooty film that had accreted on the gold leaves over the centuries were chemically analyzed. The experts recommended that the statue be kept in a steady climate and not exposed to agitation. The restoration was overseen by a commission of art historians and restorers led by Dr. Brigitta Falk, curator of the Essen treasury. The Madonna was returned to its habitual place in the cathedral in December A detailed restoration report is due to appear in an anthology in along with further research papers on the statue and Essen Abbey.
Whether and exactly when the statue was commissioned, acquired or donated is unknown, and documents referring to the Madonna are scarce for the first couple of centuries of its existence. Since this first mention the Madonna has always been in the cathedral save in wartime.
Apparently the bitter conflict between the diocese of Cologne and the Lords of Isenberg over control of Essen Abbey that resulted in the murder of Archbishop Engelbert at the hands of Friedrich von Isenberg in did not affect the sculpture, nor did the centuries-long quarrel over whether the city of Essen was legally a free imperial city or rather a dependency of the abbey. The first documented mention of the Madonna is from the Liber Ordinariuswhich details a fully developed liturgy and processions centred around the statue.
The fact that the canon received the Madonna from the hands of the treasuress for processions on Purification leads historians to assume that the sculpture was shown exclusively during processions and was stored out of public sight for Holiday - Madonna - Golden Madonna rest of the year. Suggested repositories include the fortress-like westwork of the cathedral and the armarium dictum sychteran annex to the south nave. The sculpture has been known by its current name Golden Madonna only since the 19th century.
The treasure inventory of Essen Abbey lists Noch ein gross Marienbelt, sitzend uff einen sthuell mit lauteren golt uberzogen "[A]nother image of Mary, sitting on a chair and covered with pure gold". The Thirty Years' War necessitated the first evacuation of the sculpture.
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